South Association Forum FSA - September 2011
5 - 9 September 2011, Gdańsk, Poland



The guarantee of the future energy supply is crucial for economic development and saving our standard of living. Dependence on foreign gas imports and progressing globalization necessitate the formation of cross-border networks between countries of the European Union and worldwide. Talking about future energy security in regions, it is crucial to look at gas sources in a comprehensive perspective covering all gas sources (both fossil and renewable).


The goal of the South Association Forum FSA - September 2011 (FSA 2011) is to highlight the importance of energy security in South Baltic cross-border regions through raising awareness in the sustainable management of existing gas sources (natural gas, biogas) and recently discovered alternative (shale gas) gas sources. This can be achieved by stimulating awareness raising and the cooperation between the regional and local administration/authorities, investors, energy companies, universities and NGOs. The conference will cover such aspects as environmental protection, spatial planning, technology issues, legal aspects and best practices.

Expected Results

FSA 2011 will bring together representatives from academia, industry, regional and local authorities to present the latest advances in knowledge related to natural gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), shale gas and biogas. Environmentally friendly and economically efficient processing of gas sources is essential for providing energy security in certain regions of Central & Eastern Europe and the world. The FSA 2011 will provide Training Sessions (Day 1, 2, 3), Thematic Symposia (Day 2, 3, 4), Project Development Workshop (Day 1) and Study Visits (Day 5). The Forum will be an excellent possibility for the formation of durable networks of experts from the business-academia-administration for the future cross-border cooperation within gas production, processing, distribution and trading.

Global strategic petroleum reserves

Global strategic petroleum reserves (GSPR) refer to crude oil inventories (or stockpiles) held by the government of a particular country, as well as private industry, to safeguard the economy and help maintain national security during an energy crisis.
According to the United States Energy Information Administration, approximately 4.1 billion barrels (650,000,000 m3) of oil are held in strategic reserves, of which 1.4 billion is government-controlled. The remainder is held by private industry. In 2004 the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve had the largest strategic reserve, with much of the remainder held by the other 27 members of the International Energy Agency. Some non-IEA countries have started work on their own strategic petroleum reserves. China has the largest of these new reserves.
Global oil consumption is in the region of 0.1 billion barrels (16,000,000 m3) per day. The 4.1 bbl reserve is equivalent to 41 days of production. If there ever is a dramatic fall in global output, as envisaged by some peak oil analysts, the strategic petroleum reserves might be used to cover the shortfall. Covering a 50% shortfall would deplete the reserves in 82 days, although export leaders the Middle East and Russian exports represent only 22% and 6% respectively of global production.


Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements; chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal is formed if dead plant matter decays into peat and over millions of years the heat and pressure of deep burial converts the peat into coal.
As a fossil fuel burned for heat, coal supplies about a quarter of the world's primary energy and two-fifths of its electricity. Some iron and steel making and other industrial processes burn coal.
The extraction and use of coal causes many premature deaths and much illness. Coal damages the environment; including by climate change as it is the largest anthropogenic source of carbon dioxide, 14 Gt in 2016 which is 40% of the total fossil fuel emissions. As part of the worldwide energy transition many countries have stopped using or use less coal.
The largest consumer and importer of coal is China. And China mines almost half the world's coal, followed by India with about a tenth. Australia accounts for about a third of world coal exports followed by Indonesia and Russia.

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